This list contains information about rare dog breeds from all around the world.  Many of these rare breeds may have fewer health problems and live longer lives than some of the more popular dog breeds. 

While popular dog breeds are easy to find, rare dog breeds are much harder to locate.  Many of these rare breeds can’t be found just anywhere.  Some of these breeds are close to extinction or belong to certain regions of the earth and therefore are hard to find.  Any of these rare dog breeds would be a unique find! 

While we haven’t seen or heard of some of these dogs until now, we think that each one of them is special and beautiful in their own way!  Come along with us to learn more about each and every one of them!


Barbet Dog Breed

The Barbet is a medium-sized French water dog with a wooly and curly coat.  Its coat is long and must be groomed regularly.  They are black, black and white, or brown.  This dog breed is intelligent, obedient, joyful, companionable and they learn quickly.  They are great with people of all ages and prefer human companionship.  Barbets have an average lifespan of 13 t0 15 years.  One Barbet has been recorded as passing away at the age of 19.  There aren’t many Barbets in the United States.  In fact, it is estimated that there are only 70 to 80 Barbets living in the United States.



Bolognese Dog Breed

The Bolognese is a small white dog.  Their eyes and nose are large and dark.  They have shorter hair on the face and a coat that falls in loose open ringlets all over the body.  The hair’s texture is woolly and should never be trimmed or clipped.  They shed very little, but require regular combing to prevent matting.  This dog breed is intelligent, easy to train, eager to please and enjoys the companionship of people.  They are good with children, playful, friendly and make good family pets.  Their life expectancy is 16 to 18 years.



The Hamiltonstovare was bred as a hunting hound.  The breed was developed in Sweden.  They are sweet, friendly, and hardworking.  They have a soft fur that rarely sheds, and they have no “doggy” smell.  They are know by the white blaze on their head and down their neck.  They have four white paws and a white tail tip.  Their average life span is 10 to 13 years.

Hungarian Pumi:

Hungarian Pumi

The Pumi is a medium-small terrier type from Hungary that has been used as a “general farm dog.”.  They shepherd not only sheep but also cows and pigs.  Most Pumis are gray, but are born black.  They start turning gray around 6 to 8 weeks old.  Their coat is curly, thick and of medium length and needs to be groomed regularly.  They shed very little.  The Pumi trademark is its ears, which are always alert and very lively.  The Pumi is lively, active, intelligent, and easily trainable.  They are a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years.  They have been known to live up to 19 years.



The Kooikerhondje is a small spaniel that was used as a working dog.  They are of Dutch ancestry and were popular in the 17th and 18th century where they appeared in the paintings of Rembrandt and Jan Steen.  They are cheerful, good natured, friendly, quiet, well-behaved, alert and intelligent.  They adapt to situations rather quickly.  Their life expectancy is about 12 to 14 years.

Lagotto Romagnolo:

Lagotto Romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo comes from the Romagna sub-region of Italy.  It is a gun dog, specifically a water retriever.  They are often used to hunt for Truffle.  They are loyal, loving, perfect family companions, and are easy to train.  They get along well with other household pets if they are socialized at an early age.  They love to dig, have active minds and love to play seeking games.  The life span of a Lagotto Romagnolo is 14 to 16 years.


Mudi Dog Breed

The Mudi is from Hungary and is a rare herding dog breed.  They are versatile farm dogs that can hunt and exterminate rodents.  They are very active, love to play, excel in all kinds of dog sports, need a lot of running and exercise, are obedient, agile, and fairly healthy.  They are average shedders and are easy to groom.  Their life expectancy is about 13 to 14 years.

Portuguese Podengo:

Portugese Podengo Dog Breed

The Portuguese Podengo is from Portugal.  This breed is a sight and scent hound.  It comes in three sizes–small, medium, and large.  Each size has two hair coats–smooth and wired.  The picture above is of a Wirehaired Portuguese Podengo.  Both types of this breed are small, friendly, hardy, lively, intelligent, and independent.  They are very active, and are excellent jumpers and climbers.  This breed is also a digger.  They are usually good with children and other animals, especially when they are socialized from an early age.  Their life expectancy is about 10 to 14 years.

Swedish Vallhund:

Swedish Vallhund

The Swedish Vallhund is known as the “Viking Dog” or “the little cattle dog of the Vikings.”  They were bred to herd cattle, catch vermin, and guard the home.  They are powerful, fearless, watchful, energetic, alert, intelligent, friendly and healthy.  They are a small breed and are considered to be hardy, healthy, and robust.  They make good working farm dogs and are great companion pets.  They love human attention and are very devoted to their owners.  They are average shedders and are easy to groom with a comb and firm bristle brush.  Their life expectancy is about 12 to 14 years.


Xoloitzcuintli Dog Breed

The Xoloitzcuintli, often called the Xolo, is from Mexico.  The breed has existed in Mexico for more than 3,000 years.  This breed comes in three sizes–toy, miniature, and standard.  There are two varieties of this breed–hairless and coated.  They are calm, intelligent, and loyal.  They also make excellent companion dogs.  This breed is clean, non-shedding, hypoallergenic, beautiful, and an affectionate canine companion.  This breed may live for about 15 to 20 years.

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Filed under: Dog Breeds

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