From the moment they’re born, their little eyes open to an entirely alien world. Their little cries and squeaks for help can melt your heart. Their soft skin and ever so fragile body need your love and care for it to stay alive. Nourishment through regular feeding of milk and support to help them excrete are part and parcel of looking after them, at such a young age.

Golden Puppy

Image by – Max Pixel

You’ve been nurturing him from an early age, and your pooch has reached an age where he can comprehend the basics of the world around him. You start to see your dog is getting more curious and begins to explorehis surroundings. At this point, it’s crucial your dog learns commands and actions that ultimately would make him the ultimate pet; this will be a learning process for both master and beast, so be patient and be persistent.

Sit

Certainly, the easiest command for your dog to learn. First, you will need some treats, for these will be the tool which you’ll use to extend your authority.

  • Hold out the treat in front of your dog’s nose; pull it away out of reach if your dog lunges for it. This is your bargaining chip, so use it as a tool.
  • Once your dog has calmed down and has his eyes focused on the treat, slowly pull it up and above your dog’s head. If your pooch bites for it, pull it out of reach and start the process again.
  • As you slowly move your hand up, your dog’s bottom will be touching the floor, inadvertently entering the sitting position. When this happens, stop moving the treat out of reach, say ‘Sit’ and give him the treat.
  • Combine this with affection and confirmation that he/she did something good.

Rinse and repeat; this shall be your bread and butter and a way for you and your dog to bond while learning more about each other.

Dog Training

Credit – Pete Markham

Stay

Before your little friend can properly learn this next one, make sure they are familiar with the ‘sit’ command. Teaching your dog to stay, can be incredibly relevant in particular circumstances. If you’re walking your dog off the leash, and it gets curious to the point your dog looks like they’re going to endanger their or someone else’s life, the ‘stay’ command stops any further action until you say so.

  • First get your dog to sit comfortably using the ‘sit’ command
  • Order your dog to ‘stay.’ Walk steadily backward until you’re 2 meters away; remain in full eye contact.
  • When this is achieved, return to your dog and give them a treat and bouts of affection. Gradually increase the distance, each time your dog obeys, give them a treat
  • Finally, when you’re 10 meters away, remain eye contact, and say ‘stay.’Say this multiple times with the aim of your dog listening to you, but not moving from their position.

Do this in your garden or a large open field. As your dog is just learning the role, it plays in the relationship, be patient and forgiving. Your dog can sense your frustration in your facial expressions and tone of voice, and this will transfer and affect their behavior. An underlying objective for you as the trainer is to cultivate your dog’s confidence as well as cooperation.

Rewarding Dog

Image source – Lenka Novotná

Come

An extremely central command. This will keep your dog out of harm’s way and bring them back to you if they wander off too far or run out into the road. It’ll also give them a task to do, with the end goal being to return to you, their master.

  • Use the ‘sit’ command and walk a few steps away from your dog. Put a leash loosely fitted around your pet.
  • Lay a treat down on the ground while still commanding your pooch to ‘stay.’ Crouch down, and call their name getting the dog to look you in the eyes. Give them positive confirmations with affectionate voice calls, such as ‘good boy.’
  • Point to the treat on the ground, call their name and say ‘come.’ Keep saying this until your dog has come to you. Just before your pooch eats the treat, pick it up and feed the treat to him. Remember to show your dog he has done something good via petting and encouragement.
  • If your dog is unsure, gently tug on the leash in your direction; be mindful you don’t hurt him.

Don’t shout, or become frustrated. As aforementioned, your attitude will rub off onto your dog and make the learning process annoying for him. Be a figure of authority and aim for your orders to be obeyed on the first request. At the same time, understand that this is new to your dog and be patient.

Dog Training

Source – Pixabay

Heel

Dogs have descended from wolves, so you mustn’t forget that they are inherently pack animals. They can become aggressive to an outsider; therefore you must teach them not to be hostile to people or other dogs they’re not familiar with. Should your dog bite a child or adult, a good dog bite attorney will factor in the physical damage, emotional trauma and money lost due to the victim being unable to work. So before a can of worms is opened, take the time to properly teach your dog that when they’re called, they immediately be at your side.

  • Put a leash on your dog, fit it loosely and let him walk around on his own with it on.
  • Get alongside, gently take hold of the leash, bend down and when eye contact is made, with a gentle but firm tone, say ‘come’ and begin to walk.
  • When you and your pooch have been walking for 5 seconds; stop and give him/her a treat with affection.
  • Eventually you will build on the aim of your dog cosying up to you immediately when you say ‘heel’. They must walk tightly by your side and feel comfortable moving when you do, and at your pace.

Before you can let your pooch off the leash safely in public, these commands must flow freely from you and obeyed almost immediately by your four-legged friend. Dogs really are man’s best friend, your care and affection are what will stay with him throughout childhood and adulthood. The key to having trust and belief in one another is to be persistent, be patient and make learning fun. Who knows, one day these commands may save your dog’s life or prevent a stranger who wishes you no harm to be hurt or frightened.

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Filed under: Dog Training Tips

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