Our furry friends are faithful companions. We should look after them with love and care. To help your pet live a healthy life, you need to understand some of the most Dog Breedscommon diseases that happen to all dog breeds and how you might be able to protect your pet from such infections.

Distemper in Dogs

Distemper is a serious viral illness in dogs which is contagious and has no treatment. The virus initially attacks a dog’s tonsils and the infection gradually spreads to the respiratory, urogenital, gastrointestinal and nervous systems.

Dogs with canine distemper show symptoms such as soaring eyes, running nose, coughing, diarrhea, vomiting and finally paralysis. This disease is sometimes referred as “hard pad disease.”

The disease is commonly observed in non-immunized dogs. To prevent your furry pet from getting this disease make sure you vaccinate him regularly.


Parvo is a highly contagious viral disease in dogs. The Parvo symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite and weight loss. Some breeds of dog also experience cardiac attacks. The disease is commonly observed in young puppies.

Parvo infections are caused by heredity. When a healthy dog comes in contact with an infected dog, it is attacked by the virus. For example, the infected dog’s stool may carry the virus and when a healthy dog sniffs on it, the dog gets the disease.

Since Parvo is a viral illness, there is no exact treatment for it. However, the symptoms and secondary infections can be treated.

Lyme Disease in Dogs

The disease is caused by the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi. The disease gets transmitted when an infected tick bites dogs or humans.

Clinical signs may include fever, tiredness and loss of appetite, depression, swollen limbs and kidney failure.

If your dog is recognized with Lyme disease, antibiotics will be prescribed and you need to observe your pet’s activity until there is a significant improvement in its health. Take care to keep your dog warm and dry.


Rabies is a more contagious viral disease that is transmitted through the bite of infected mammals. It seriously affects the nervous system resulting in death. It takes around six months for the virus to manifest itself.

Initial symptoms include fear, anxiety, over-responsive to sounds and sights and agitation. Some breeds may experience paralysis in the head and neck region.

There is no effective treatment for rabies. Vaccination is the effective way to prevent infection and regularly vaccinated dogs are at a lower risk of contracting the disease.


Canine hepatitis is another contagious viral disease that attacks the liver, kidneys, spleen, lungs and eyes in dogs. It is commonly noticed in young and unvaccinated dogs. The disease is caused by canine Adenovirus type 1.

Symptoms can range from mild to severe. They may include increase of thirst and urination, abdominal pain, cloudiness of eye, sensitive to light, vomiting blood, bleeding from nose and gums.

Treatment depends on the severity of illness. Your dog may need to undergo intravenous fluid therapy. Antibiotics are prescribed to prevent secondary bacterial infections.

Kennel cough

Kennel cough is a common disease affecting young puppies and adult dogs. The disease is caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica virus. The virus enters the dog’s trachea and sticks on to its delicate cilia and destroys it. This causes an irritation in the respiratory tract of young puppies.

The symptoms include watery nasal discharge, dry hacking cough, pneumonia and fever.

Proper care at home keeps your furry friend comfortable during the suffering. Antibiotics will be given if your pet is not eating properly or has respiratory problems.


Bloats is disease that occurs in dogs due to overeating. It is also referred to as gastric torsion. Bloats are common in older dogs which eat more and gulp water very fast.

Change your dog’s daily feeding routine. Add canned food to your dog’s diet. Divide your dog’s food into smaller portions. Check your dog’s water intake. If you supply your dog with water all the day, it is at a lower risk of gulping when drinking.

About The Author: Lina is a writer/blogger. She loves writing, traveling and reading books. She contributes on hometone

Filed under: Dog Care

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