As you likely already know, dogs can suffer from many of the same problems as humans. If you’re a pet owner, you must go above and beyond to make sure that your pooch remains in good health. Unfortunately, dogs are also susceptible to diabetes. If your dog develops diabetes, you’re going to be required to care for your pooch for the remainder of his or her life. You’ll need to keep your pooch on a healthy diet and you’ll probably need to make sure that your dog gets insulin when needed. Within this guide, you’ll learn all about caring for a dog that suffers from diabetes.

Dog Checkup

Causes And Risks Factors

You should realize that some dogs will be far more likely to develop diabetes than other dogs. The precise cause of diabetes is completely unknown, but some scientists and doctors believe that they have a pretty good idea. For instance, it is believed that genetics, obesity and certain medications could result in diabetes. You should also know that obese dogs and female dogs tend to be at a greater risk than others. These dogs will be much more likely to develop diabetes after they reach the age of 6 years.

Also, you should know that some dog breeds are most susceptible to diabetes that others. Dachshunds, poodles, and Australian terriers are far more likely to develop diabetes than other diets. Juvenile diabetes is very common in keeshonds and golden retrievers. If you happen to have one of these breeds, it is pertinent to keep a close eye on your dog’s daily behaviors. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, you should take your pooch to the vet right away.

Type 1 Is Most Common

Another thing to remember is that dogs are far more likely to suffer from Type 1 diabetes. This type of diabetes makes it difficult for the dog’s body to produce a sufficient amount of insulin. Type 1 diabetes usually occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce a sufficient amount of insulin. Dogs that have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes will need treatment for the rest of their lives. They’ll need to begin and remain on insulin therapy to survive. Type 2 diabetes is very common in cats, but less common in dogs. If your dog suffers from type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to make sure that he or she gets their insulin each and every day.

Potential Side Effects Of Insulin

Insulin for dogs is fairly safe, but it can cause a variety of side effects. To ensure that your dog remains entirely safe, it is pertinent to go above and beyond to familiarize yourself with the most common side effects of insulin use. This will help to ensure that your pooch is able to avoid becoming ill. First and foremost, some dogs will suffer from allergic reactions and others will experience low blood sugar. This can lead to symptoms, such as staggering, collapse, fatigue and seizures. If your pooch exhibits any of these symptoms, you need to seek out medical assistance right away.

After you’ve administered insulin to your dog, you should pay close attention to their behavior. If you notice anything out of the ordinary, you should get in touch with your dog’s vet immediately.

 

Insulin Safety Precautions

Insulin is generally very safe, but there are some risks involved. If you do not take the necessary safety precautions, there is a chance that your pooch will be put in unnecessary harm’s way. First and foremost, you should never attempt to give your dog insulin without first consulting with your dog’s veterinarian. Only give your dog insulin after you’ve gotten approval from a vet. Again, make sure you closely monitor your dog’s behavior when they first being their insulin treatment.

When visiting your vet, make sure that the professional is aware of your dog’s medical history. Also, be sure to tell your vet about any medications that your dog may be taking. If the dog is pregnant, nursing or breeding, make sure that the vet knows about these. All of these things could cause a minor risk. By consulting with your vet, you’ll be able to determine exactly what type of insulin is right for your dog.

Canine Diabetes

Canine diabetes is similar to the diabetes diagnosed in humans. The body’s inability to produce insulin or sufficient amounts of insulin can lead to diabetes. Insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas in both humans and animals. The key to managing diabetes in animals is a healthy diet and blood glucose monitoring, just like with humans.

If your canine’s blood glucose levels cannot be controlled with diabetes medications that are available in pill or capsule form, the veterinarian will order insulin. You will be required to learn how to administer the insulin on regular intervals or just when the blood glucose level is high.

Novolin Insulin

Novolin is classified as a “human insulin-based” product that has been utilized for more than 60 years to control blood glucose levels in humans. While the insulin is human-based, it is also prescribed in canines that have been diagnosed with diabetes. Novolin was developed as a pork-based insulin, evolving over the years to a human-based insulin.

Vestsulin

Vetsulin is another type of insulin that is prescribed to canines with diabetes. This insulin is made from purified pork suspended in a solution of zinc crystals and zinc. Vetsulin is classified as ”Lente insulin” and an intermediate acting insulin. This insulin contains the same amino acid sequence that is found in canine insulin. It is very effective in controlling blood glucose level in canines with diabetes.

Canine Insulin can be extremely expensive, since most animals are not covered under a health care policy. To reduce the expense and still obtain high-quality Canadian insulin, you should consider ordering online, where your options will be limitless.

Diabetes Prevention In Canines

Just like humans, owners can protect their canines from developing diabetes at some point in their live. Maintaining a healthy weight, being familiar with the breed and family medical history, staying active and eating a healthy diet are key to preventing diabetes in canines. As you can see, these preventions are the same in both humans and canines.

Your veterinarian can recommend a healthy, low-fat dog food for your pet. If you avoid feeding the dog human food and stick with the recommended dog food, your pet will remain healthy and not develop diabetes throughout their lifetime. The food will meet all of your canine’s nutritional needs. The ingredient list should include, vegetables, vitamins, fruit, meat and grains.

The vet will also give you a feeding plan for your dog. Most adult dogs only eat once a day, but if you prefer you can split the single serving into three. This way you will be able to feed your dog, when you and your family eat. If the dog stays outside most of the time, you will probably find it more convenient to feed him a single serving of food once a day.

Know The Types Of Diabetes

You are probably already aware of the fact that there are two types of diabetes in humans. This would be type 1 and type 2. Did you also know that there are two types of diabetes that can present themselves in dogs, as well? With that being said, these forms of diabetes are completely different from each other, and in order to best care for your puppy, you need to understand how each form behaves. The two forms of diabetes that can be present in canines are insulin-deficiency diabetes (IDD) and insulin-resistance diabetes (IRD). While the mechanisms are very similar it is important to note that these two forms are completely different than that of the human forms.

  • IDD– this form of diabetes occurs when your dog’s body is unable to produce enough insulin to properly maintain and control the glucose levels. This is very similar to type I diabetes, except in type I diabetes there can be other conditions that attack the immune system and pancreas. This is something that you will not see with IDD.
  • IRD– this is a condition that develops when there are complicating factors that prohibits the insulin in your dog’s body from functioning like it should.

Monitoring Your Dog For Diabetes

As your dog ages, he will become more and more susceptible to diabetes. This is why it is imperative that you know how to properly monitor your dog’s behavior and watch for sign of diabetic development. While the condition can be quite stealthy, there are some warning sign that can help you catch the condition early. For instance, due to the high glucose levels, the excess sugar will begin leaching into your dog’s urine, which will result in more frequent urination. It is possible that there might even be occasional accidents in the home or a urinary infection due to bacteria buildup.

In addition to this, you will notice your dog drinking more water, and the appetite might even increase as well. This is due to the fact that the amino acids aren’t getting utilized by the cells like they should be. However, despite the increase in water intake and appetite, it is highly likely that your pooch could begin to lose weight as well. Vision issue and sluggishness are two other major implications that you want to keep an eye on as well.

Managing Your Dogs Diet

If your dog is diagnosed with diabetes, you will quickly discover that his or her diet will play a vital role. It will be imperative that your dog is fed the same diet everyday at the same time of day and night. A good healthy diabetic diet usually contains a variety of different key ingredients. These ingredients are good-quality protein along with complex carbohydrates and dietary fiber. The main concept of the whole diet is to slow the absorption of glucose in the digestive system, while ensuring that your dog maintains a healthy weight.

Proper Exercise

Exercise will be another key factor when it comes to helping your canine adapt to his or her new diabetic life. However, you will have to be careful with the amount of exercise and the intensity that your dog gets, because exercise can affect your dog’s glucose concentrations. It is best to develop a plan that you can stick to on a daily basis. If you are unsure about the amount of exercise your dog needs, it will always be best to consult a veterinarian to get a proper answer.

Walks and slow jogs are always preferred, and there should never be any new routines added in. Everything should stick to a routine and regular plan just like with your dog’s diet. In addition to this, you have to be careful of cuts and scrapes, because diabetic dogs are always at risk of not healing properly.

Can Insulin Be Safe For Dogs?

There is a good chance that you’ve heard that dogs can develop diabetes. This is true. You should also know that vets prescribe dogs with insulin very frequently. Just remember that not all insulins are FDA approved for canines. It would be very dangerous to provide your dog with the insulin that you use for yourself. Dogs are different. The specific type and amount of insulin required will depend solely on the dog and his or her unique needs. Therefore, you should always speak with your dog’s vet before giving them any type of insulin.

Never give your dog any medication, which has not been recommended by your dog’s licensed vet.

Dosage Recommendations

The amount of insulin your dog needs will vary substantially. Some dogs are bigger and therefore, they’ll require a greater dosage. If your dog is small, there is a good chance that they’ll need a smaller amount of insulin. It is generally a good idea to speak with your vet. Make sure that you’re aware of the vet’s recommendations. On the flipside, you should realize that the dosage recommended depends on the dog’s bodyweight. In general, it is recommended that the dog receive .22 IU per each proud.

The insulin should be provided to the dog with or after a meal. The insulin can be administered utilizing a U-40 insulin pen or a VetPen. The insulin should be injected approximately 2 to 5 cm from the dog’s dorsal midline. To ensure that you’re properly able to administer the insulin, you should receive instructions from your vet, before leaving the clinic. Your dog’s doctor will walk you through the entire procedure, so you will be totally prepared to administer the insulin at home on your home.

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Filed under: Dog Care

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